We can fight air pollution in Delhi by introducing rooftop plantation all over the capital. This will help us to create a fresh, pollution-free environment especially in cities over polluted and gasping cities like the national capital. In fact, I feel the law should make such environmental gestures like rooftop plantation mandatory in Indian cities.
Birds, butterflies and various insects perish as their natural habitat dwindles rapidly. Rooftop plantation will bring back such natural beauty which is no longer seen in the polluted cities of the world.
For example, Tulsi has tremendous environmental benefits as it purifies the air around it. Tulsi gives out oxygen for 20 hours and ozone for four hours a day along with the formation of nascent oxygen which absorbs harmful gases like carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide and sulphur dioxide from the environment.
According to the Indian government, 80 people die every day from air pollution in Delhi. Environment minister Prakash Javadekar disclosed the alarming figure in a written response in the Rajya Sabha. Delhi has turned into a pollution zone so deadly that children in the capital have the lungs of ‘chain-smokers‘, and suffer all the associated respiratory ailments. Living and breathing in Delhi is taking years off their lives, and marking what is left with bronchitis, asthma, sinusitis, coughs, colds and all kinds of chest and throat infections.
With a relentless increase in the number of children and infants developing respiratory diseases, doctors have raised an alarm in the capital. Almost all agree that the number of children who need medical attention as a direct result of the capital’s polluted air has risen three times as much in the last decade. The worsening air pollution in the capital has become the primary killer of infants and is slowing poisoning them with every passing day. Not only is the toxic air responsible for the various respiratory diseases that children are developing, but it is also shortening their life span.
Also, acid rain, caused by dioxides in the air, increases the acidity of the soil, kills vegetation, and depletes fish and amphibian populations by acidifying freshwater and the oceans. This impacts the animals that are dependent and thrive on vegetation, fishes and amphibian. Which in turn further intensifies the impact of pollution on the entire food chain.
It is not just for natural beauty but for our very survival that green roofs must be encouraged. Here are some of the benefits that such a pro-environment practice will create: